There are many different shapes, sizes and configurations of CCTV security cameras on the market today. The most common types of CCTV cameras are described below:
Common Types of CCTV Security Cameras
Bullet CCTV Camera
Wall or ceiling mounted bullet CCTV cameras for internal CCTV security are cylindrical or rectangular which capture video image covering a fixed area.
Dome CCTV Cameras
Dome CCTV cameras and the similar Eyeball CCTV cameras are designed to be unobtrusive yet visible enough to deter potential thieves and vandals.
Fisheye CCTV Cameras
The more discrete Fisheye CCTV security cameras offer 360 degree high definition viewing with pan / tilt / zoom capabilities.
Box CCTV Cameras
Box style CCTV security cameras allow for any lens type, making them a versatile choice for CCTV surveillance applications.
Commonly Used Terms
Infrared / Night Vision CCTV Cameras
Most modern CCTV security cameras offer infrared (IR) night vision capability. IR CCTV cameras are primarily used outdoors and have the ability to capture images and video in low light or total darkness using IR LEDs around the outer edges of the camera lens. IR CCTV cameras are available in bullet, dome, eyeball and mini-dome designs.
Weatherproof CCTV Cameras
Weatherproof cameras are impenetrable to elements such as moisture, dust, insects, etc. Designed for outdoor use, these CCTV cameras are housed in sturdy weather-proof casings.
A camera with a varifocal lens allows for the security camera’s lens focal length (zoom) and focus to be adjusted at the camera, providing more versatility and capability.
PTZ (pan / tilt / zoom)
PTZ security cameras allow operator to move the camera left or right (pan); up and down (tilt); and zoom the lens closer or farther. Some PTZ security cameras can be programmed to automatically pan, tilt and/or zoom are regular timed intervals.
High-Definition (HD) CCTV Cameras
HD and UHD (ultra high-definition) CCTV security cameras provide higher image / video resolution providing higher degrees of image clarity, and are best suited to public spaces, car parks, retail outlets, warehouses, etc where larger areas are being monitored.